SHARPHEAD BAND AT WOLF CREEK
Background on Sharphead Band
The Sharphead Band were a group of Stoney-Nakota First Nations who once had a reserve located near present day Ponoka Alberta during the 1880's and 1890's. The band was led by Chief Sharphead, who had once been documented as living among the Tani-zibi-chage band of Stoney-Nakota in the 1840's. (The christian missionary Robert Rundle detailed his interactions with the Tani-zibi chage band in his journals and mission records).
In 1884, the Sharphead Band moved from Pigeon Lake to their selected reserve near the Battle River (Wolf Creek). The reserve was officially surveyed for the Sharphead Band in 1885 (known as Sharphead I.R. 141 Wolf Creek).
In 1886, a measles epidemic hit the Peace Hills agency, killing at least four individuals from the Sharphead Band. The band lost many more people to subsequent colds and other illnesses over the next several years, including 72 deaths in 1887 alone. Treaty annuity paylists and other archival documents indicate that between 1886 and 1890, over 100 individuals from the Sharphead Band died. Many of these deaths occurred on the reserve.
By 1891, the majority of Sharphead Band members left the reserve at Wolf Creek, many members going north to reside at White Whale Lake, eventually amalgamating with Ironhead’s Band known today as Paul First Nation.
HISTORICAL LOCATION OF SHARPHEAD RESERVE
Map showing the Indian and Métis settlements around the Battle River, Alberta.
William C. Wonders
University of Alberta
1983 by the Center for Great Plains Studies, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
SHARPHEAD RESERVE DOCUMENTS
Membership Lists/Paysheets and Reserve Transfer Lists
SHARPHEAD RESERVE MAPS
PLAN OF SUBDIVISION OF SHARPHEAD RESERVE 141 - 1898
Treaty No. 6, N.W.T. Plan of subdivision survey of Indian Reserve No. 141 in Township 42 & 43, Ranges 25 & 26, West of 4th Meridian. Surveyed by A.W. Ponton, D.L.S., June & July 1898.
Sharphead / Wolf Creek 141
THE SHAPHEAD BAND:
A HISTORY OF IT'S LAND
A historical report of the Sharphead Band, by Bill Russell, on behalf of Treaty and Aboriginal Rights Research (T.A.R.R) and the Indian Association of Alberta (I.A.A). This report contains information about the Reserve Survey, the Breakup of the Sharphead Band, The Transfer of Band Members to White Whale Lake, and The Sale of the Wolf Creek Reserve.
FATE OF THE SHARPHEAD STONEYS
Article about the Sharphead Reservation, Published in Alberta History Winter Edition 1991.
- Fate of the Sharphead Stoneys by Dr. Brian Titley, Associate Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Alberta.
INFORMATION SHEET SUBMITTED TO THE SHARPHEAD DESCENDANTS
10 July 1993
A Historical Review of the Sharphead Band.
- For the Review and Information of All Sharphead Descendants - Prepared by Colleen French / Haines Consultants.
FINAL REPORT OF THE REPATRIATION AND REBURIAL OF THE SHARPHEAD REMAINS
12 June 2014
This final report summarises the activities, discussions, and recommendations stemming from the meetings as they pertain to the new cemetery site and the reburial of the Sharphead remains.
**MORE SHARPHEAD DOCUMENTS COMING SOON
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